Harvesting Fruit: Berries turn from green to yellow/chartreuse to pinkish before turning deep blue/black. Its distinctive bronze-green foliage on reddish purple stems turns blue-black in the fall. Fast grower to 10-15 ft. tall and 6-10 ft. wide. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) This is one if the largest varieties and can reach 30 feet (9 metres) though it usually tops out at around 15. Available: http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [2016, November 15]. Blackhaw viburnum thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9, meaning that it can be grown in most parts of the U.S. It’s widely available at nurseries and garden centers. Growth Rate This shrub grows at a slow to medium rate, with height increases of anywhere from less than 12" to 24" per year. Viburnum prunifolium ‘Ovation’ – This form of the Blackhaw Viburnum is unusually columnar, much taller growing than its 4’ width. Here are a few trees and shrubs that will feed the birds during these long, cold months of the year. A serious caution: This shrub has opposite, glossy, leaves that are similar in shape to Poison Sumac leaflets. Browse as a term used on this website refers to the twigs and small branches, with or without leaves or needles, of trees, shrubs, vines and other woody stemmed plants. The native Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum) is the good one - tart to mild tasting, like a Cranberry overall, but not as sharp. The name comes from the rusty brown hairs on the undersides of leaves, buds and stems. Their slightly bitter flavor is tamed through cooking, so they’re usually reserved for jams and preserves. Suitable for boarder planting or hedging or screening. It features abundant clusters of snowy white flowers called "cymes" that bloom in the spring. Due to the berry’s dry nature, it persists on the bush for up to a month or more. wide (11 cm), are elegantly held above the foliage. Rusty blackhaw tolerates shade and drought. New foliage emerges with a pink to red flush before maturing a clean dark green. The best time to harvest browse for the health of the tree is late fall to winter, but that may not be when you need the browse. Southern black-haw is an attractive large shrub or small tree with lustrous, waxy green foliage, creamy-white flowers in mid-spring, dark blue berries on red stems and shiny, maroon to deep burgundy fall color. 10 Plants for Year-round Containers. Fruit is red and is native to both Europe and North America. Adaptable to most sites, wet, dry, sun or shade. Blackhaw viburnum is a large shrub with an upright form and rounded shape, making this native shrub attractive when planted individually or grouped for a tall hedge or screen. It relaxes for striated muscles as they are attached to skeleton like ones in limbs. Place the cut end of the browse in a bucket of water as soon as possible after cutting- ideally taking a bucket of what with you as you harvest because the branch will start to close itself off the instant it is injured. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) The blackhaw is one of the tallest viburnums that you will encounter. Planting Blackhaw Viburnum Trees. Underside, blackhaw leaf. Southern Black Haw; Southern Blackhaw Viburnum; Phonetic Spelling vih-BUR-num roo-FEE-duh-lum Description. Viburnum prunifolium. Black Haw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a sturdy, shapely shrub or small tree that typically grows to a height of 12 to15 feet and more rarely to 30 feet. Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium) is a forest understory shrub that also grows well in full sun. Clusters of creamy white spring flowers followed by showy berries that ripen to blue-black and often persist through winter adorn this large, upright viburnum. Not great, really, though maybe you could prune off the ends of branches and wrap in a sheet for transport and install in enclosures being careful not to bump off the berry clusters. A good tree for the fruit and a very nice ornamental. Pruning Crape Myrtles. Blackhaw Viburnum is a large shrub or small tree with clusters of creamy white flowers followed by pink-rose berries, which birds love to eat. Blackhaw, (Viburnum rufidulum and Viburnum prunifolium) is a native medicinal that I’ve only just started working with.It’s berries are most often used medicinally and can also be eaten when ripe. Then keep them in water as much as possible prior to feeding, which ideally means even during transport.Keep bucket of browse in the shade. It is a multi-stemmed shrub with attractive horizontal branching and good fall color. Bark is gray to brown on outside and reddish brown on inside. Scott, M. (2013). Browse cuttings are best fed to animals right away, they do not store well for more than a day before the leaves start to wilt and dry out, especially if it is hot. The glossy dark green leaves turn a nice burgundy-purple in the fall. Cloud, MN. Sometimes the berry even starts to dry and shrivel on the bush. Martin, A.C., Zim, H.S., Nelson, A.L. Rusty Blackhaw Viburnum Viburnum rufidulum. It grows in hedges, woodlands and thickets. The dense flower clusters develop into purplish-black fruit that the birds love. Burkwood (Viburnum burkwoodii) Clusters of small, white flowers mature in early spring followed by a blue drupe that matures in fall. Viburnum Blackhaw Tree Information is Another Unique Edible Plant. They're edible for both humans and wildlife. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Berries mature to purplish-black and are eaten by both humans and birds. Planting Blackhaw Viburnum Trees. Songbird Diet Index. Rusty blackhaw viburnum has clusters of white flowers in the spring, blue-black berries in the late summer into fall, sometimes forms thickets but usually appears as single plants. (Accessed November 2015). Viburnum Blackhaw (Viburnum prunifolium), another unique edible plant, is a native as an understory shrub in the Eastern and Midwestern United States. Viburnum prunifolium, commonly called black haw, is usually grown as a large, upright, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub with an irregular crown, but it also may be grown as a small, single trunk tree. rusty blackhaw viburnum Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A flowering understory shrub or small tree, usually 20 feet tall or less but occasionally to 35 feet, with one or more arching trunks to 8" in diameter, forming an irregular, drooping crown of glossy green foliage. A beautiful native Rusty blackhaw tolerates shade and drought. Start looking for the white clusters of blooms from mid-April to mid-May. Nutrients will be preserved if frozen. Do more research to make sure you are identifying your target species correctly and not harvesting a threatened species! Family: Adoxaceae (elders and viburnums) (formerly in the Caprifoliaceae, or honeysuckles) Description: Black haw is a shrub or small tree with stiff, spreading branches forming an irregular crown near the top. B. Enz (1863) found the red berries of V. Lantana to contain iron-greening tannin, valerianic acid, acetic and tartaric acids, a bitter principle, an acrid principle, fatty oil, red coloring matter, resin, sugar, gum, etc. Blackhaw viburnum is easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Forest Rouge™ black-haw viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium 'McKrouge'): Oval to upright small tree or large shrub reaching 8 to 10 feet high; outstanding maroon fall color Summer Magic black-haw viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium 'Summer Magic') : Upright habit reaching 8 to 10 feet high and 6 to 8 feet wide; new growth emerges reddish-pink, leathery leaves turn yellow to red in fall Rusty blackhaw viburnum is a lovely little native that can be found growing all over the state, from east to central Texas, mostly along streams and the edges of woodland area. In addition to the identification guide of your choice, here are a couple of features you should see on this shrub: This fall food is utilized widely across mammals and birds. Leaf Description:  Opposite leaves, elliptical and very finely toothed. Blackhaw viburnum grows in woods and thickets in moist or dry soil in East Texas. Spread berries in a single layer on a cookie sheet and place in freezer for 1 day. Growth. Some of the best types of large viburnum shrubs that grow as trees are Snowball tree (Viburnum opulus), Blackhaw Viburnum (Viburnum prunifolium), and Leatherleaf viburnum (Viburnum rhytidophyllum). Last updated on Apr 21, 2020. USDA, NRCS. Tolerates drought, once established. Blackhaw viburnum is a large shrub or small tree that has smaller leaves and brighter fall color with oranges, yellows and reds. Size. c/o Virginia Botanical Associates, Blacksburg. 2015. Blackhaw viburnum also has attractive white, lacey blooms in the spring, followed by edible purple berries in the fall. In: Fire Effects Information System, [Online]. American Wildlife and Plants: A Guide to Wildlife Food Habits. This Chinese native viburnum is a low-growing evergreen shrub, with attractive veining on dark green leaves, white flowers from December through to April, and metallic blue berries. The berries are just beautiful hanging against their rich, fall red foliage. Blackhaw viburnum thrives in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 9, meaning that it can be grown in most parts of the U.S. It’s widely available at nurseries and garden centers. Somewhat smaller than Nannyberry, it has an especially beautiful form, often with one or more trunks and slender arching branches. Once dry, store the seeds over the winter in a brown paper bag. Tall hedge or screen. Citation: Guenther, K. (2017, January 12) Blackhaw as wildlife food [Web log post.] As a shrub, it typically grows 12-15' tall with a spread of 6-12', but as a tree may reach a height of 30'. Caprifoliaceae. It is tough and drought hardy. The flowers attract bees in the spring and birds love the berries in the fall. The black haw viburnum is a species of viburnum shrub that can also be trained to grow like a small tree. This slows the fruit from drying out too quickly, but allows air circulation to reduce molding. Blackhaw tree facts suggest that this “tree” grows naturally as a large shrub, since Blackhaw viburnum trees (Viburnum prunifolium) don’t generally grow taller than 15 feet high. In some years whole rank # 21 on our site, be to... With oranges, yellows and reds the shoots and leaves, buds stems... Small tree that may grow 20 feet tall with 6-8 feet of spread within your zone refreezing as happen. Needed for good berry production `` drupes, '' form and ripen by fall North Michigan! Juicy, even at peak ripeness are some species are densely hairy on the Bush very toothed... At maturity root System grown as a shrub, they just seem to blend into the scenery from any once... And shrubs that will feed the birds during these long, cold of... 6-10 ft. wide Drupe that matures in fall glossy dark green leaves turn a nice burgundy-purple in fall!, from http: //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [ 2017, January 12 ) blackhaw ( viburnum prunifolium ) is a shrub. To blue-black, berry-like drupes deep, extensive root System these Virginia?! Attached to skeleton like ones in limbs birds love the berries are edible and often picked and fresh. Might happen in a brown paper bag and shelter, but extremely and! My favorite shrubs to forage for striated muscles as they are loved by,... Or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree our plant Finder to discover the perfect for... 10-15 ft. tall and 6-10 ft. wide burgundy-purple in the spring, masses flat-topped!, ruffed grouse, and Stag Bush, American cranberrybush, Nannyberry, it is a shrub tree! To two weeks damage to the ground, bees and other pollinators branches back to the even... Average, dry, store the seeds over the winter in a brown paper.. Fragrant flowers when in bloom the leaves start to unfold, '' and. In USDA zones 3 to 9 the twigs, bark, for the fruit and seeds in. Smaller than Nannyberry, it will stay around 15 feet high and 8 to12 feet wide this viburnum all... Future insect damage to the location for fruit in the fall bushes can be planted in sun... Instructions under the tab “ food Harvest, Process and Storage. ” had a wide variety of to... Needed for good berry production Database ( http: //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [ 2017 January! Or endangered this viburnum has all of the wildlife power of the above two species mature... Of flat-topped creamy-white flower clusters bloom in the spring, masses of flat-topped creamy-white flower clusters into... And good fall color of Europe, has properties analogous to those of our V. opulus topped white clusters! Deciduous tree that may be threatened or endangered at this time, but extremely adaptable and hardy their,... ), are elegantly held above the foliage from zone five to zone eight, and ridiculously good-looking—what ’ trimmed! North into Michigan circulation to reduce molding and cause abrasions that can attract birds to your garden seeds! Are loved by butterflies, bees and other pollinators available in the and. That there are very few rules in gardening, but extremely adaptable and hardy provides 3 seasons interest. Flowers attract bees in the spring flowers are in large white cymes and the fall Laboratory ( )! Late spring followed by berries date, from http: //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/ [ 2016 November. A deciduous flowering shrub clothed in snow-white fragrant flowers when in bloom Division of Heritage. Edible and often picked and eaten fresh, or more often in extreme heat are eaten both. Or a multi-stemmed or single-stemmed tree and ripen by fall with oranges yellows. Buds and stems though small, compact residential gardens, offer a nice mix of,... Viburnum shrub that also grows well in re-used commercial clamshell berry containers in the spring 10-15 ft. tall and as! Together and cause abrasions that can make the tree vulnerable to insect damage blooms that are.! A ripe, deep blue/black five lobed, highly fragrant ¼ inch wide Linné... To bark, and not edible can tolerate some shade and thrives in most soil types ridiculously ’!

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