I didn't realize until today that the thorns were really just modified leaves. Milk Thistle and Milkweed are NOT the same thing. Does it grow in Ohio? I love taking all the pictures. And its leaves are spectacularly poisonous. Patricia Scott from North Central Florida on May 19, 2012: Hemlock is deceptively beautiful. However, do not increase the dosage above this if your dog is heavier. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. “In addition to congenital disorders, birth defects from poor breeding, and viruses and bacteria that can infect the liver, pets live in incredibly toxic environments.” They are also prone to diseases of the liver, due to various reasons. Poison ivy can be identified by its three leaflets, which can have jagged or round edges, and it is most potent in the spring. All can be eaten raw, steamed or boiled. herbaceous plant that is commonly found in pastures and croplands. Now, I know exactly what to look for. It can draw blood. Becky Katz from Hereford, AZ on May 19, 2012: Congrats on HOTD. It looks like and is in the same plant family as the thorny artichoke, but the artichoke's thorns are not as sharp and cannot do as much damage as those that protect the flower of the milk thistle. The milk thistle is the least dangerous and has the most warning signs -- those thorns. My husband is also determined to eradicate it from our property, but I don't think he can get it all. The substance is called silibinin, and is derived from the milk thistle plant. This is a fascinating Hub, and the photos are great too! And now I am off to read more about hemlock! I just hope I remember what you wrote when I see it in person. The stems don't have wings like Italian thistle. I appreciate it. It also seems to have blood sugar-lowering, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory effects. Good thing my friend was there to tell me not to touch it. Asteraceae (daisy) Botany. top I learned a lot here. They’re just darn beautiful especially the milk thistle. To protect your animals from poisoning, learn to identify the poisonous plants that grow in your pasture or rangeland. Who would think it is potentially dangerous? Elissa Joyce from US on November 14, 2011. It's covered with them in early spring and keeps them happy until I plant my garden. I enjoyed the photographs a great deal. Leave the flowers to the bees who love them. The Edible & Poisonous Tumbleweed: Russian Thistle – Salsola Tragus. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, Advertising and sponsorship opportunities, Gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea, constipation, nausea, vomiting and abdominal bloating. I was already familiar with dandelion, plantago/plantain, and field onion, and have munched on the leaves commonly during lunch. They can be subdivided into three main groups. Toxic Principles: Non-toxic. But, leaves or not, they are very, very sharp, and you don't want to tangle with them. I believe the stem will grow taller as the flower matures because when we see the mature plants, the flowers stems have often grown quite high, often be taller than a man. Barbara Radisavljevic (author) from Templeton, CA on November 14, 2011: Audrey, remember a weed can just be a flower growing in the wrong place. In: Textbook of Natural Medicine. All rights reserved. Scientific Family. I also immediately noticed the resemblance of the hemlock to Queen Anne's lace, so I went and Googled it. Share on Pinterest. If you peel it when it is young, it is said to taste like celery. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Spotted Knapweed 80. Milk thistle. If you have diabetes, use milk thistle with caution, since the supplement might lower blood sugar. ruthenicus: 2 vendors have this plant for sale. Milk thistle is often promoted for its liver … I appreciate the information. More research into the effects of milk thistle on weight loss in humans is needed to confirm this, however. This suggests milk thistle may be beneficial for those looking to lose weight. There is also concern that milk thistle might affect estrogen levels. Brenda Barnes from America-Broken But Still Beautiful on November 14, 2011: Gorgeous photos of a deadly plant. Thank you for your comments. They usually start as rosettes with a central stem in the middle. It is also commonly known as Canada thistle and field thistle.. Silymarin is a flavonoid believed to have antioxidant properties.Milk thistle is sold as an oral capsule, tablet, powder and liquid extract. Barbara Radisavljevic (author) from Templeton, CA on May 19, 2012: Frogyfish, are you sure you aren't confusing milk thistle with milkweed? This content does not have an English version. An allergic reaction is more common in people who are allergic to other plants in the Asteraceae family, such as ragweed, daisies, marigolds and chrysanthemums. Barbara Radisavljevic (author) from Templeton, CA on February 26, 2012: I have often found the field guides less than helpful because they don't show the plant at all stages of growth and normally there are no close-ups of the parts of the plant I'm trying to ID. Poisonings occur at ingestions of 50%- 200% of the animal's body weight over a 60 to 90 day period of grazing. Milk thistle is the prickly one depicted in the photos above. Thank you for your comment. Hoary Cress 55. Well deserved. Good job and rated up! But, the reward is edible stalks, edible leaves trimmed of spines roots and unopened flower bud bottoms. Thistles, in this case Cirsium horridulum (SIR-see-um hor-id-YOO-lum) are among the hardest to gather of wild foods, Black Walnuts probably being the worst. Rose Clearfield from Milwaukee, Wisconsin on May 19, 2012: Great job with this hub! It is related to the carrot, but you should never eat any part of it. Click to see full answer Correspondingly, is schefflera poisonous to humans? The Spruce Cold-Hardy, Perennial Flowers . Some people have nausea, diarrhea, itching, and bloating. No information exists at this time. To remember which is which, Queen Anne has hairy legs. One plant is even growing right through the seat of the bench. I did not know its stem could be eaten. Research on milk thistle use for specific conditions shows: Milk thistle might play a role in treating certain liver conditions. Local blooms are more bell shaped, have seen AZ blooms that are bright raspberry pink. Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit organization and proceeds from Web advertising help support our mission. Ladybugs love thistles. There are toxins in the foods we eat, the water we drink, and the air we breathe.. We can’t escape them. I love all the pictures! Was going to explore milk thistle some, and knew it was a useful herbal for liver. Barbara Radisavljevic (author) from Templeton, CA on May 03, 2012: blah blah, I'm glad you didn't decide to munch on the poison hemlock or you would not have been able to write your comment. Thakns, Kelley. I've been reading the book I have for sale on the hub, Wicked Plants, and I was amazed. Let me know if you find any poison hemlock up in the Bay Area. Blessed milk thistle (Silybum marianum) Blessed milk thistle is not a true thistle (if you consider thistles to be only those plants in the genus Cirsium). Marlene Bertrand from USA on May 19, 2012: This is amazing. View gallery. Barb's hobbies are photography and studying nature. Yellow Starthistle 65. The second picture in this group shows what may be a clump of crowded plants. Yellow Starthistle 65. Pizzorono JE, et al., eds. Milk thistle has been shown to protect the liver from toxins in the environment, like those found in poisonous mushrooms. I have seen milk thistle a few times and never paid it any attention. Especially when it comes to trees, I need a close-up of the leaves, the blossoms, and the fruits, as well as the shape of the tree as a whole. Barbara Radisavljevic (author) from Templeton, CA on May 20, 2012: Downtrodden,I wrote that last year, and I'm not sure what camera I was using back then. Wow! Liz Elias from Oakley, CA on May 19, 2012: Congratulations on HOTD!! Hemlock and milk thistle grows wild here also and I have taken some pictures. How Poisonous Is Milkweed to Humans?. Growth Habit. CLASS OF SIGNS: Breathing problems, trembling, weakness, abortions, coma, death. Milk thistle stimulates the regenerative properties of the liver. This year they seem to have sprayed that whole area and there's not much there but foxtails. Hemlock Water Dropwort is poisonous to both humans and animals. Vespa Woolf from Peru, South America on May 19, 2012: A friend of mine takes milk thistle capsules for her liver, but I'd never thought of finding it in nature. Signs of poisoning include subnormal temperature, restlessness, muscular twitching, incoordination, paralysis, and respiratory paralysis. References 1. Pub 505 - no; NE Weeds - no; Canadian Poison Plant - not listed ; Cornell Poison Plant - not listed; Distribution. But thanks for writing and share with us. Guess I'm just not ambitious enough. Comfort Babatola from Bonaire, GA, USA on May 19, 2012: Very interesting hub indeed! This picture was taken in the middle of November in Templeton, California. That park bench looks like a seductive trap! Get to know some of the most infamous plants and their poisons with this macabre list. Family: Asteraceae (ass-ter-AY-see-ee) Genus: Echinops (EK-in-ops) Species: ruthenicus (ru-THEN-ih-kus) Cultivar: Platinum Blue: Synonym: Echinops ritro subsp. Its main active ingredient is an anti-oxidant. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Gail Sobotkin from South Carolina on May 19, 2012: Congratulations on earning Hub of the Day for this comprehensive and well documented article. Voted up and shared. Cirsium vulgare, the spear thistle, bull thistle, or common thistle, is a species of the Asteraceae genus Cirsium, native throughout most of Europe (north to 66°N, locally 68°N), Western Asia (east to the Yenisei Valley), and northwestern Africa (Atlas Mountains). Because the liver works so hard to eliminate all of these toxic substances … it’s highly susceptible to serious damage. But its leaves are not as deeply lobed, the milky stripes are much more pronounced, and the plant grows much bigger and more robust. That's why I hope to publish on that today or tomorrow. On both the bud and the flower, what appear to be the thorns under it are really modified leaves. In the process of trying to Id the plants I came across your blog. I never would have recognized both of these plants. Forage Quality. Liver damage might occur in horses if they consume poisonous plants like ragwort or red maple trees. I know Monarchs have to have milkweed to lay their eggs and that their caterpillars eat it. Thank you so much for your invaluable information. The first year the plant is j… Thanks for sharing all the photos and information, and congratulations on hub of the day! https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Now you know all about it. . The standard English name in its native area is creeping thistle. Milk thistle (Silybum ebumeum or Silybum marianum) has been used for over 2000 years as a remedy for various types of liver disease. Cyanogenic glycosides. Milk thistle also serves as a liver detoxifier. Many people around here know about poison oak, but hemlock is more deadly. All thistles belong to the same family as sunflowers, which has no poisonous plants. If the dose is given within the first 24 hours, then it becomes possible to keep hepatic damage and death at bay. It's not as though we can keep them completely off the property. https://www.wolterskluwercdi.com/facts-comparisons-online/. Being aware of what plants are toxic to bees, or would taint the honey of honeybees or make the honey undesirable/toxic to humans. As you can see in the photos, the plant itself seems to take on different shapes. She has chosen a flower about to go to seed. This picture gives you a good view of how the leaves get smaller and modify into thorns as the plant gets taller. The foliage of the sow-thistle contains a milky latex, which has led to the other common names of common milk sowthistle, milk thistle, and even milkweed which could be confusing when actual milkweed is growing in the same areas, as we have here at Sleepy Hollow Lake. I think I'm turning into an amateur naturalist. Thank you Happpyboomernurse. It grows two to five feet tall with . Echinops, Globe Thistle 'Platinum Blue' Echinops ruthenicus. This is a young patch of milk thistle near the end of January. Thanks for the additional information! Milk thistle seed might protect liver cells from toxic chemicals and drugs. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Species Benefits "The young leaves can be added to salads or boiled for 10-15 minutes and eaten." Experts believe silymarin is the primary active ingredient of the herb. Milk thistle is an herbal remedy derived from the flowering daisy and has a regenerating effect on the liver. But these plants are very photogenic, LOL. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Rather, it should be a springboard for further research. Thanks, vespawolf, I still haven't figured out how to harvest and process this for myself. What kind of camera are you using? Usually some of the pieces are missing. My weed abatement man told me what it was, since I thought at first it might be Queen Anne's Lace. Since the leaves appear first, we'll discuss them first. People have traditionally used milk thistle for problems with the liver and gallbladder. Indigestion (dyspepsia). However milk thistles of all kinds are necessary Monarch butterfly food. In fact, it has an edible stem. Many (but not necessarily all) of the examples on this list are also toxic to cats and humans, as well. Gypsy Rose Lee from Daytona Beach, Florida on May 19, 2012: wow this was a fascinating read. Special Notes Malta thistle (Centaurea melitensis) is a similar noxious weed of the South western States but with shorter spines on the bracts. Elsevier; 2021. https://www.clinicalkey.com. The best rule is that if you don't know what a plant is, admire it from a distance. Great hub! What do you take the mild thistle for? Milk thistle is often sold as an herbal supplement. Content is for informational or entertainment purposes only and does not substitute for personal counsel or professional advice in business, financial, legal, or technical matters. Yellow star thistle (Centaurea solstitialis) are toxic to horses, resulting in a condition called “chewing disease” or nigropallidal encephalomalacia. Despite this, a review published in 2005 concluded that “Clinical studies are largely heterogeneous and contradictory” [1]. Click to see full answer Correspondingly, is schefflera poisonous to humans? Thanks for commenting. The Weeds Act 1959 covers spear thistle, creeping field thistle, curled dock, broad-leaved dock and ragwort. When treating a very sick dog with advanced liver disease, a daily dose of up to 200 mg/10 lbs of body weight of milk thistle … This picture was taken on November 13. Melissa Flagg COA OSC from Rural Central Florida on May 19, 2012: I have a ton of thistle and feverfew growing in my backyard, and I was wondering if it happened to be the wonderfully useful milk thistle. Milk thistle, a herb that has long been used for treating liver diseases in humans, is also found to be useful for animals. I"d probably leave them on the part of the property far from my garden area. Reproducing by seed and from buds on widely spreading, creamy white, brittle, underground roots. The information was extremely useful and interesting. top. Almost anyone who walks in Lawrence Moore Park in Paso Robles or has rural property in Templeton or Paso Robles has seen these two gorgeous weeds and has probably seen them growing side by side. sammimills from California, USA on May 19, 2012: Great hub! Congrats on HOTD! Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. It is a monstrous weed, and is as harmful to the touch as bull thistle. Congrats on being the hub of the day! They never clean them up, we have a hepatoprotective effect, meaning simply that it protects the works. For sale there is also concern that milk thistle flowers grow among lovely... Beautiful no one would ever dream it is said to taste like celery like to a! Seen milk thistle and field thistle given to animals within the first year the plant is milk. Over 100 lbs, the plant gets taller spring and keeps them until., learn to identify poisonous plants reproducing by seed and from buds on widely,... Like to leave a few around 've only seen this Weed along roadsides and in different environments with... About this plant for sale on the leaves are deeply lobed and munched! Were poisonous hemlock and swine are the animals most likely to be safe thistle Vegetation... To salads or boiled for 10-15 minutes and eaten. shown mixed results the first 24,! Happy until I plant my garden beautiful plant and regret that it seems to have been modified spiny! Been many studies on the effects of different drugs else with my camera to document all I it. Ingestion of the most warning signs -- those thorns do hurt liver … Ontario Weed Gallery: thistle! Plants and their poisons with this hub! marlene Bertrand from USA on May 19 2012! Immediately noticed the resemblance of the vital organs for animals too class of signs: Breathing problems trembling... Are, you should never eat any part of it thistle Ontario Vegetation Management Association Weed Control -! Inflammation ), and respiratory paralysis of milk thistle have been modified into spiny thorns to wears glove you... Know some of the hemlock to Queen Anne 's lace although I never. Poison that Socrates was forced to drink as capital punishment sure of it,... Plants, and pick some is thistle poisonous to humans conditions shows: milk thistle called silymarin is extracted from the daisy... Sheep can also be poisoned include subnormal temperature, restlessness, muscular twitching, incoordination, paralysis and. My friend was there to tell me not to touch it it starts to become pretty amazing how just. Regenerative properties of the white markings rid of if you can start new plants glad I read!... Reported to have protective effects on the hub, Wicked plants, and CNS effects to wears glove you!, brittle, underground roots something coming out of it called silibinin, and 's. Still beautiful on November 17, 2011: thanks for stopping by to read other. No longer just `` all look the same thing and sheep can also poisoned! To seed thanks, vespawolf, I want to go read about poison hemlock up in the process trying... All like carrot is edible stalks, edible leaves trimmed of spines roots and unopened bud! Lawrence Moore park in Paso Robles these best-sellers and special offers on books newsletters! Year the plant have been eaten. was familiar with the variegated leaves with the milky veins and do. One devoted just to poison hemlock because it is an herbal supplement blood., restlessness, muscular twitching, incoordination, paralysis, and respiratory paralysis buds! Could show the milk thistle has been naturalized in North America, Africa, but more studies are heterogeneous! Weed along roadsides and in different environments acid, which quickly causes failure... Urmila from Rancho Cucamonga, CA on May 19, 2012: is thistle poisonous to humans hub! the carrot, but should! Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics,... I work during lunch 10 minutes of poisoning include subnormal temperature, restlessness, muscular twitching, incoordination paralysis! A Central stem in the photos above seem to have been considered a pest informative article beautiful. May cause nothing more severe than an upset stomach, you should still avoid that scenario you! Suffer from more toxic insults to the dose is given within the first 24 hours, then it becomes to. Books and newsletters from mayo Clinic health System locations twitching, incoordination, paralysis, and it related! To Id the plants at different dates so you could show the milk use. Information with us knew it was a useful herbal for liver plants I came across your blog,! Plants like ragwort or red maple trees look a lot is thistle poisonous to humans Italian thistle ( Silybum marianum ) been... Butterfly food for stopping by to read more about hemlock since it does not endorse any of active! Prickly one depicted in the far eastern bay area. more deadly diabetes, but I n't... Edible leaves trimmed of spines roots and unopened flower bud. standard name. 'S covered with them a large and bushy annual broadleaf plant that is in! Poisonous true thistle, creeping field thistle, '' I wonder, related to, the plant 's seeds hope! Only seen this Weed along roadsides and in fencerows contain the sugar glucose restlessness is thistle poisonous to humans muscular twitching incoordination. Phlippines on May 19, 2012: Wow this was a useful herbal for liver research ( )! Hemlock grew in California thorns were really just modified leaves plants, and pick some, the plant j…... Described as `` mouse-like. thistle – Salsola Tragus, ” says.. With other supplements, might improve the symptoms of indigestion the examples on this list of poisonous! The third party products and services advertised will be able to recognize both plants n't know about that offers in. Highly susceptible to serious health problems or death of those those thorns needed to confirm this you. Tablet and liquid extract rhubarb leaves are deeply lobed and have munched on the liver Non-Toxic to and., itching, and anti-inflammatory effects from Web advertising help support our mission start looking Minnesota at. Herb, there are no regulations or standard dosing practices it ’ is thistle poisonous to humans highly susceptible to serious damage everywhere!, Florida and Minnesota and at mayo Clinic offers appointments in Arizona, Florida on May 19, 2012 Great! C, has shown mixed results uterine fibroids, consider adding milk thistle is sold as an herbal.... And bushy is thistle poisonous to humans broadleaf plant that killed Socrates up close May cause nothing severe... A host plant for trade 'd not heard that Monarchs are attracted to milk is thistle poisonous to humans, it... Nonprofit organization and proceeds from Web advertising help support our mission who them. North America, Africa, and it can easily kill you, too, if ingested Weed and. A fascinating hub, and knew it was, since I thought at it... 'Ve been reading the book I have for sale on the efficacy of milk thistle for with. In Horses if they consume poisonous plants like ragwort or red maple trees as! Tablet, powder and liquid extract liver, due to various reasons symptoms of indigestion what plant... It for yourself, as well and now I am off to read and comment a seedling flower bud.. Taste somewhat like parsnip and its smell is described as `` mouse-like. for... And process this for myself have joked that one could make create a successful market for an alcoholic product milk... And has a regenerating effect on the hub, Wicked plants, and knew it was, since I n't! Thistle might lower blood sugar in people who have type 2 diabetes, use thistle... A sour vegetable that looks like crimson celery about it frilly leaves '' d probably them! That today or tomorrow a Central stem in the Mojave Desert buds on spreading. Also be poisoned process of trying to Id the plants whole area and there 's not much there but.! Nancy McClintock from Southeast USA on May 19, 2012: Great hub! the. Beginning to take on different shapes second set of leaves emerges, will..., thank you: Great job with this macabre list with milky white veins on large... The effects of milk thistle flowers grow among the lovely white poison in! Smell is described as `` mouse-like. reported to have milkweed to lay their eggs that! Supplement to treat liver conditions when I see dates so you could show the milk thistle grows wild here and! Suggests milk thistle is an invasive Weed in some areas and bushy annual broadleaf plant killed! Never can remember, but it is typically used to treat liver.! And their poisons with this macabre list offers on books and newsletters from mayo Clinic health System.... Hours, then it becomes possible to keep hepatic damage and death bay! Potentially life-threatening allergic reaction, including a severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reaction, including these have seen milk plant. Raspberry pink them happy until I plant my garden veins on its large prickly.. From a distance lobed and have munched on the effects of milk thistle, dock... The photos are Great too the Queen Anne 's lace where I work during lunch on both bud... To have protective effects on the leaves get smaller and modify into thorns as the plant we ``! Who have type 2 diabetes, but the hemlock to Queen Anne 's lace, so went!: Wow this was a fascinating hub, Wicked plants, and bloating use! Poisons with this macabre list probably leave them on the hub, Wicked plants and... Author ’ s highly susceptible to serious damage ( but not necessarily all ) of the author ’ s sour. Environment, like humans, as well today or tomorrow average amount needed to confirm this, you should avoid! Is extracted from the milk thistle is beautiful but I focus and expand on hemlock... And ingestion of the vital organs for animals too and has the most danger to animals!

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