[165], New Zealand's climate is predominantly temperate maritime (Köppen: Cfb), with mean annual temperatures ranging from 10 °C (50 °F) in the south to 16 °C (61 °F) in the north. [373] Distinctive ingredients or dishes include lamb, salmon, kōura (crayfish),[374] Bluff oysters, whitebait, pāua (abalone), mussels, scallops, pipi and tuatua (both are types of New Zealand shellfish),[375] kūmara (sweet potato), kiwifruit, tamarillo and pavlova (considered a national dish). [224][225] Today New Zealand's economy benefits from a high level of innovation. New Zealand is located in the south west Pacific Ocean, nearly 2 000 km from Australia, to the east, and 19 017 km, or 11 790 miles from Paris, France. You need good English language skills in New Zealand. [78] The House of Representatives is democratically elected, and a government is formed from the party or coalition with the majority of seats. [210] Living standards in New Zealand fell behind those of Australia and Western Europe, and by 1982 New Zealand had the lowest per-capita income of all the developed nations surveyed by the World Bank. [217] New Zealand has experienced a series of "brain drains" since the 1970s[221] that still continue today. [334] Some artists release Māori language songs, and the Māori tradition-based art of kapa haka (song and dance) has made a resurgence. [241] The majority of the country's electricity supply is generated from hydroelectric power, with major schemes on the Waikato, Waitaki and Clutha rivers, as well as at Manapouri. More about New Zealand: Geography [128] Because of financial pressures and the desire to consolidate railways, education, land sales, and other policies, government was centralised and the provinces were abolished in 1876. [265] By 2050 the median age is projected to rise to 43 years and the percentage of people 60 years of age and older to rise from 18% to 29%. Māori and New Zealand Sign Language are the official languages of New Zealand. [356] Golf, netball, tennis and cricket have the highest rates of adult participation, while netball, rugby union and football (soccer) are particularly popular among young people. [194][195] Marine mammals, however, are abundant, with almost half the world's cetaceans (whales, dolphins, and porpoises) and large numbers of fur seals reported in New Zealand waters. [317], Māori decorated the white wood of buildings, canoes and cenotaphs using red (a mixture of red ochre and shark fat) and black (made from soot) paint and painted pictures of birds, reptiles and other designs on cave walls. [80] Members of Cabinet make major decisions collectively and are therefore collectively responsible for the consequences of these decisions. New Zealand. The New Zealand English Journal is published once a year, usually in July or August. [18] Māori had several traditional names for the two main islands, including Te Ika-a-Māui (the fish of Māui) for the North Island and Te Waipounamu (the waters of greenstone) or Te Waka o Aoraki (the canoe of Aoraki) for the South Island. NEW ZEALAND. Over 100,000 French translations of English words and phrases. A seasonal workers scheme for temporary migration was introduced in 2007, and in 2009 about 8,000 Pacific Islanders were employed under it. Zealandia supports substantial inshore fisheries and contains gas fields, of which the largest known is New Zealand's Maui gas field, near Taranaki. [196] Many seabirds breed in New Zealand, a third of them unique to the country. New friends in small towns with big doses of laid-back charm. New Zealand An island country in the southern Pacific Ocean southeast of Australia. [347] The highest-grossing New Zealand films are Hunt for the Wilderpeople, Boy, The World's Fastest Indian, Whale Rider, Once Were Warriors and The Piano. Overview. [367] The country has ranked highly on a medals-to-population ratio at recent Games. The Southern Alps stretch for 500 kilometres down the South Island. Immigration New Zealand accepts IELTS as evidence of your English abilities for your visa application.. With IELTS you can be confident that you are taking a test that is trusted by institutions and organisations throughout New Zealand. [311] However, rural imagery and themes are common in New Zealand's art, literature and media. [181] New Zealand had a 2019 Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 7.12/10, ranking it 55th globally out of 172 countries. It consists of two main landmasses—the North Island (Te Ika-a-Māui) and the South Island (Te Waipounamu)—and around 600 smaller islands, covering a total area of 268,021 square kilometres (103,500 sq mi). [280], English is the predominant language in New Zealand, spoken by 95.4% of the population. NEW ZEALAND ENGLISH Short form NZE. Employers require it and Kiwis expect most people living here will be fluent in it. [52] Armed conflict began between the Colonial government and [69][70], New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy,[71] although its constitution is not codified. [106] New Zealand has been described as an emerging power. New Zealand - Kiwi English. [129] The provinces are remembered in regional public holidays[130] and sporting rivalries. [3] The Māori-based Ringatū and Rātana religions (1.2%) are also Christian in origin. English. The plateau also hosts the country's largest lake, Lake Taupo,[157] nestled in the caldera of one of the world's most active supervolcanoes. [211] In the mid-1980s New Zealand deregulated its agricultural sector by phasing out subsidies over a three-year period. [152], The South Island is the largest landmass of New Zealand. English New Zealand is the voice of the English language sector in New Zealand. [45] In 1835, following an announcement of impending French settlement by Charles de Thierry, the nebulous United Tribes of New Zealand sent a Declaration of Independence to King William IV of the United Kingdom asking for protection. It is one of "the newest native-speaker variet[ies] of the English language in existence, a variety which has developed and become distinctive only in the last 150 years". [253] As of 2017[update], the United Nations International Telecommunication Union ranks New Zealand 13th in the development of information and communications infrastructure. [94] A 2017 Human Rights Report by the U.S. Department of State noted that the government generally respected the rights of individuals, but voiced concerns regarding the social status of the Māori population. New Zealand is about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) east of Australia across the Tasman Sea and 1,000 kilometres (600 mi) south of the islands of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga. [110][111] The country is a member of the United Nations,[112] the Commonwealth of Nations[113] and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD),[114] and participates in the Five Power Defence Arrangements. [357] Victorious rugby tours to Australia and the United Kingdom in the late 1880s and the early 1900s played an early role in instilling a national identity. [59], In 1907, at the request of the New Zealand Parliament, King Edward VII proclaimed New Zealand a Dominion within the British Empire,[60] reflecting its self-governing status. For instance, in 2016, Auckland was ranked the world's third most liveable city and Wellington the twelfth by the Mercer Quality of Living Survey. [3] The Auckland Region exhibited the greatest religious diversity. Māori is the dominant indigenous language spoken in the nation. [284] It has recently undergone a process of revitalisation,[285] being declared one of New Zealand's official languages in 1987,[286] and is spoken by 4.0% of the population. You may have learned some English in your home country, but still have some trouble understanding us and being understood yourself. Penguin, New Zealand. This makes it easy to remember. [74] The queen is represented by the governor-general, whom she appoints on the advice of the prime minister. [353], Most of the major sporting codes played in New Zealand have British origins. Maintaining a quality assurance programme for our member schools. Regional authorities provide water abstraction, treatment and distribution infrastructure to most developed areas. In New Zealand, the Maori Language Act 1987 granted an official … [322] New Zealand art and craft has gradually achieved an international audience, with exhibitions in the Venice Biennale in 2001 and the "Paradise Now" exhibition in New York in 2004. [319] Since European arrival paintings and photographs have been dominated by landscapes, originally not as works of art but as factual portrayals of New Zealand. [141] The Ross Dependency is New Zealand's territorial claim in Antarctica, where it operates the Scott Base research facility. [314][323], Māori cloaks are made of fine flax fibre and patterned with black, red and white triangles, diamonds and other geometric shapes. New Zealand definition: an independent country within the Commonwealth , occupying two main islands (the North... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples … There is no official all-numeric date format for New Zealand, but government recommendations generally follow. [166] Historical maxima and minima are 42.4 °C (108.32 °F) in Rangiora, Canterbury and −25.6 °C (−14.08 °F) in Ranfurly, Otago. [278] The United Kingdom remains the largest source of New Zealand's immigrant population, with around a quarter of all overseas-born New Zealanders born there; other major sources of New Zealand's overseas-born population are China, India, Australia, South Africa, Fiji and Samoa. [183] Massive deforestation occurred after humans arrived, with around half the forest cover lost to fire after Polynesian settlement. [316] The pre-eminent Māori architecture consisted of carved meeting houses (wharenui) decorated with symbolic carvings and illustrations. Elsewhere the plate boundary involves the subduction of one plate under the other, producing the Puysegur Trench to the south, the Hikurangi Trench east of the North Island, and the Kermadec and Tonga Trenches[162] further north. Marketing English New Zealand to education agencies and students. [229] New Zealand's main trading partners, as at June 2018[update], are China (NZ$27.8b), Australia ($26.2b), the European Union ($22.9b), the United States ($17.6b), and Japan ($8.4b). Nicknames for New Zealand have included Kiwiland, Maoriland, Aotearoa and Britain of the South Seas. [365] The Polynesian sport of waka ama racing has experienced a resurgence of interest in New Zealand since the 1980s. There may be English language requirements you need to meet to get a visa. Nationally, legislative authority is vested in an elected, unicameral Parliament, while executive political power is exercised by the Cabinet, led by the prime minister, currently Jacinda Ardern. Some words are eponyms (based on a personal name), such as Captain Cooker (wild boar) [226], New Zealand is heavily dependent on international trade,[227] particularly in agricultural products. In 1978 the New Zealand Film Commission started assisting local film-makers, and many films attained a world audience, some receiving international acknowledgement. Hear how recent migrants found their move to New Zealand and why they love their new home. New Zealand English Edit. The southern and southwestern parts of the South Island have a cooler and cloudier climate, with around 1,400–1,600 hours; the northern and northeastern parts of the South Island are the sunniest areas of the country and receive about 2,400–2,500 hours. Details are on each visa page on the Immigration New Zealand website. 1150 Urban Plannning Making cities more efficient. [44] The British Government appointed James Busby as British Resident to New Zealand in 1832 following a petition from northern Māori. 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