It is also commponly known as vrouves in Greek. The epithet sepcific oleraceus is of Latin origin and consists of the root oler = vegetable and the adjective sufix for names aceus = similar to, that is, similar to vegetable vegetables. It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. L (SO) is a traditional edible wild herb in China. Sows thistle can sometimes be confused with dandelion, does get bitter as it as it gets older. Abstract: Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. Sonchus means “hollow” and oleraceus means “edible” or “cultivated.” Often plants with white sap are not edible, but for sow thistle the entire plant is edible and nutritious containing carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals. Seon-Hee Kim et al., "Development and characterization of 17 microsatellite markers for Sonchus oleraceus" in Applications in Plant Sciences vol. The proximate composition, as well as the content of mineral elements (Na, K, Ca, Mg, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn), fatty acids, vitamin C, carotenoids and oxalic acid were determined. in China" in Natural Products Research vol. This is one of the few plants that contain white sap that are considered edible including Sow Thistle (Sonchus), Figs, and Wild Lettuce. It can be distinguished from Sonchus asper and Sonchus hydrophilus in that they both have stiff and leathery leaves, mostly smooth achenes (fruit) with ribs that are scabrous (rough to the touch) or with hairs. Sonchus oleraceus has hollow stems that exude latex (whitish milk) if damaged. The Latin “oleraceus” literally means “having the qualities of a pot-herb”. 8 (2020) e11329 D. Z. Xia et al., "Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of six edible wild plants (Sonchus spp.) An infusion has been used to bring on a tardy menstruation and to treat diarrhoea. – all are edible and most are indistinguishable in appearance – but the two most commonly used for food and medicine are smooth sowthistle (S. oleraceus) and prickly sowthistle (S. … Everything in the sow thistle family is edible, and I'm pretty sure all the dandelion tribe is edible as well, but this post specifically is focusing on the type of sow thistle known scientifically as sonchus oleraceus, or colloquially as common sow thistle. Publication Author Facciola. Zohos to the Greeks, sow thistle makes for one of the best salads, especially when mixed with other greens. The perennial sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis) is often confused with the annual sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). Sonchus oleraceus is a common garden weed producing many small light seeds that disperse readily by wind and water, often for long distances. Phonetic Spelling SON-chus Description. The Sow Thistles are sometimes mistakenly called Milk Thistles from the milky juice they contain; the true Milk Thistle is, however, a very different plant. Etymology – The term Sonchus derives from the Greek = soft, spongy, for the characteristic of the fistulous and weak stem. Asteraceae Sonchus Perennial sow thistle flowers are larger and resemble the dandelion. Leaves are 10 to 20 cm long and very coarsely lobed. Edible weeds may be a source of interesting culinary ingredients in the global north ... Guil-Guerrero JL, Giménez-Giménez A, Rodríguez-García I, Torija-Isasa ME. This is the profile for the plant - Sonchus oleraceus / Smooth Sow Thistle / Tfiefa komuni. The edibility of Sonchus species is probably known since antiquity, being already declared by Dioscorides in the first century, who recognized two kinds of sónkhos, one more rough and prickly, the other more tender and edible, probably Sonchus asper and S. oleraceus, respectively. It was reported that SO contains many bioactive components such as luteolin, apigenin, caftaric acid, chlorogenic acid, chicoric acid and others (Ou et al., 2013). Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. Sonchus asper: basal auricles of leaves rounded and stalks to flower heads with abundant stipitate glands (vs. S. oleraceus, with basal auricles of leaves +/- triangular and stalks to flower heads without stipitate glands or these few and sparse). Sonchus oleraceus (L). A passage from Wild Edible Plants of Texas: A weedy non–native annual, look for the Sow thistle in disturbed soils such as vacant lots, walkway sides, grassy park edges, and secondary roadsides. Sonchus comes from Greek and means "hollow", a reference to its hollow stem. Sonchus oleraceus: flower heads 1.5-2.5 cm wide and plants annual from a taproot (vs. S. arvensis, with flower heads 3-5 cm wide and plants perennial from a deep-seated rhizome). View Article It has spread from temperate Europe to become a weed in most parts of the world. The species can overlap the winter and summer annual categories. Sonchus oleraceus, or Sowthistle, is a genus of annual herbs, considered a winter and summer weed, and includes several species that are common in nurseries and landscapes.Most of the species are annual herbs, but a few are perennial and a few are even woody. Analyses of the nutritional composition of tender leaves of three species of Sonchus (S.asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L) from different locations in the south east of Spain were carried out. It has a short taproot, and deeply lobed leaves. S. oleraceus. Where: yards, fields, disturbed areas, sunny The binomial name for sow thistle is Sonchus oleraceus. Nomination of a target weed for biological control: Common sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) 3 1. Latin Name: Sonchus spp . Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. The total phenolic and flavonoid, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of six Sonchus wild vegetables (Sonchus oleraceus L., Sonchus arvensis L., Sonchus asper (L.) Hill., Sonchus uliginosus M.B., Sonchus brachyotus DC. Nutritional composition of Sonchus species (S asper L, S oleraceus L and S tenerrimus L). White mustard (Sinapis alba). Keep that in mind when checking out a plant…if it contains white sap, and isn’t one of the plants I just mentioned, then you’ve probably misidentified it. It is 40 to 60 cm high, bluish-green, the leaves are alternate, do not have stalks and half clasp the stem. Sinapi or Vrouves are traditionally boiled for salads. Oleraceus comes from Latin and means "kitchen vegetable" or "herb used in cooking". Flower heads are about 1 cm long and yellow. Sonchus oleraceus, with many common names including common sowthistle, sow thistle, smooth sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's colwort, hare's thistle, milky tassel, milk thistle, soft thistle, or swinies, is a plant in the dandelion tribe within the daisy family.It is native to Europe and western Asia. The latex in the sap is used in the treatment of warts. One of the few plants with white sap that are edible. Sonchus oleraceus Linn (SOL), belongs to family of Compositae, is wildly found in moist areas of fields, orchards, or cleared land. Smooth Sow Thistle (Sonchus oleraceus) is a species from the Asteraceae or Compositae family.Also known by a variety of common names including common sow thistle, sow thistle, annual sow thistle, hare's thistle, hare's lettuce, hare's colwort, milk thistle (not Silybum marianum) and swinies.It is a native biennial commonly found in Europe including the British Isles. Latin name: Sonchus oleraceus Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Sow Thistle: The plant is emmenagogue and hepatic. MaltaWildPlants.com is an internet online database of the wild plants growing on the islands of Malta and Gozo. Sonchus arvensis: 1. Description: An erect annual hairy herb with a milky sap. Sonchus oleraceus L. 1753. pronounced: SON-kuss awl-ur-RAY-see-us (Asteraceae — the daisy family)common names: sow thistle, milk thistle. It is also said to have anticancer activity. ... Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. 1998;76(4):628–632. Sonchus oleraceus in Latin means hollow (sonchus) cooking vegetable (olraceus). It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. Introduction. Scientific name: Sonchus oleraceus Abundance: plentiful What: leaves, stems, roots How: Young leaves in salads, steamed or boiled; stems can be peeled then steamed like asparagus; roots are very bitter and generally considered to be edible in dire circumstances after roasting or boiling; coffee can be made from roasted roots. Sow thistle - Sonchus oleraceus. The name of the genus, Sonchus, is derived from the Greek word for hollow, and bears allusion to the hollow nature of the succulent stems, while oleraceus refers to its good taste. The main difference between the two is that the annual sow thistle has much smaller flowers (less than 2.5 cm across) than the perennial sow thistle. Sow thistle (Sonchus oleraceus). There are many species of Sonchus (Sonchus spp.) ( 25 ) • Anti-Ageing Effects on H2O2-Induced Cell Senescence / Leaves: Study hypothesized that S. oleraceus extracts protect cells against H2O2 … Sonchus oleraceus showed the best prebiotic effect and was the only plant to stimulate all the probiotics including B. longum. 1893-1901 Epitome Sonchus is from the Greek word σονχος (sonchos), used by botanists for the sow-thistle; oleraceus is a Latin adjective meaning ‘vegetable’. and Sonchus lingianus Shih) in China were investigated. . A spicy green whose Greek name, sinapi, sounds like its Latin nomenclature. 25 (2011) pp. Background: Sonchus oleraceus is a large and widespread plant in the world. You can't get more edible than that! It is edible to humans as a leaf vegetable and is also used as a folklore medicinal herb in the treatment of infections and inflammatory disease, but limited research on its chemical constituents has been done. 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